Outbreak Alert Form
Outbreak Alert Report
Anual Camp 2008
Case definition, Aug. 5th, 2008Download file
Diseases alert based on absolute value
- Suspect Cholera
- Severe acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration in a patient older than five years of age.
Confirmed cholera case: isolation of Vibrio cholera O1 or O139 from diarrhoeal stool sample.
- Suspect Measles
- Fever and maculopapular (i.e. non-vesicular) rash and cough, coryza (i.e. runny nose) or conjunctivitis (i.e. red eyes).
Confirm case: presence of measles-specific IgM antibodies.
- AFP/Suspect poliomyelitis
- Acute flaccid paralysis including Guillain-Barre Syndrome among children aged less than 15 years and all cases of suspected poliomyelitis among persons of any age.
Confirm case: laboratory-confirmed wild poliovirus in stool sample.
- Suspect meningitis/ encephalitis
- Sudden onset of fever (>38.0 ?C) and one of the following: neck stiffness, altered consciousness, other meningeal sign or petechial/purpural rash.
In children <1 year, meningitis is suspected when fever is accompanied by a bulging fontanelle, altered consciousness or irritability
Confirm case: positive cerebrospinal fluid antigen detection or positive cerebrospinal fluid culture or positive blood culture.
- Severe case/death
- Severe case or death of unknown etiology from any suspected cause of infectious disease other than 1-10 and HIV.
- Influenza A (H1N1) 2009
Diseases alert based on statistical cut-off
- Acute Jaundice
- Acute onset of yellow eyes or skin and absence of known predisposing factors
Suggested diseases: viral hepatitis, leptospirosis
- Dengue Infection
- Acute onset of fever (less than 7 days) with at least two of the following: headache, pain behind the eyes, myalgia & arthralgia (severe body pain), haemorrhagic signs (purpuric rash, vomiting with blood, cough with blood, blood in stool, epistaxis including tourniquet test positive).
- Watery Diarrhea
- Passage of 3 or more loose or watery stools in the past 24 hours with or without dehydration.
- Acute Bloody Diarrhea
- Passage of 3 or more loose or watery stools in the past 24 hours with or without dehydration and with visible blood in the stool.
Confirm case of epidemic bacillary dysentery: isolation of Shigella dysenteria type 1 through stool culture and serology from a suspected case.
- Positive laboratory test for malaria parasites(blood film or rapid diagnostic test).
- Influenza-Like Illness